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Neuroreport. 1997 Oct 20;8(15):3213-7.

Block of LTP in rat hippocampus in vivo by beta-amyloid precursor protein fragments.

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1
Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.

Abstract

The effects of beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta-APP) fragments on plasticity of glutamtatergic synaptic transmission were examined in the hippocampus of urethane anaesthetized rats. I.c.v. injection of beta-amyloid (A beta) 1-40 and 1-42 and the C-terminal fragment CT105 greatly shortened the duration of high frequency stimulation-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) of field excitatory postsynaptic potentials in the CA1 area. Whereas in vehicle injected animals LTP was stable over a 5 h recording period, doses of these peptides (A beta 1-40, 0.4 and 3.5 nmol; A beta1-42, 0.01 nmol; CT105, 0.05 nmol) which did not affect baseline synaptic transmission abolished LTP within 3-5 h. The reduced duration of this form of synaptic plasticity may contribute to the cognitive deficits in Alzheimer's disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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