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Gastrointest Endosc. 1997 Oct;46(4):344-7.

Lack of complications following short-term stent therapy for extrahepatic bile duct strictures in primary sclerosing cholangitis.

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Department of Gastroenterology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.



In 10% to 20% of patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis, a dominant stricture of an extrahepatic bile duct is responsible for symptoms and an exacerbation of cholestasis. The complications of a dominant stricture can usually be relieved by endoscopic placement of a stent through the stricture. The conventional policy of leaving stents in situ for 2 to 3 months is associated with a high incidence (e.g., 50%) of clinical deterioration due to stent occlusion. We have attempted to overcome this problem by substantially reducing the duration of stent placement.


Sixteen patients with symptomatic primary sclerosing cholangitis and dominant extrahepatic bile duct strictures were treated by stent placement for a median interval of only 9 days.


In all patients endoscopic stent therapy was technically successful with a 7% incidence of transient procedure-related complications. During median follow-up of 19 months (range 7 to 27 months) serum biochemical evidence of cholestasis decreased substantially and 13 (81%) of the 16 patients became asymptomatic. No patient had a recurrence or exacerbation of either symptoms or biochemical evidence of cholestasis that could be attributed to stent occlusion.


Short-term endoscopic stent therapy is a safe and effective treatment for symptomatic dominant extrahepatic bile duct strictures in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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