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J Neurochem. 1997 Nov;69(5):2132-7.

Glutamate uptake stimulates Na+,K+-ATPase activity in astrocytes via activation of a distinct subunit highly sensitive to ouabain.

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1
Laboratoire de Recherche Neurologique, Institut de Physiologie et Service de Neurologie du CHUV, Faculté de Médecine, Université de Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

The excitatory amino acid glutamate was previously shown to stimulate aerobic glycolysis in astrocytes by a mechanism involving its uptake through an Na+-dependent transporter. Evidence had been provided that Na+,K+-ATPase might be involved in this process. We have now measured the activity of Na+,K+-ATPase in cultured astrocytes, using ouabain-sensitive 86Rb uptake as an index. L-Glutamate increases glial Na+,K+-ATPase activity in a concentration-dependent manner with an EC50 = 67 microM. Both L- and D-aspartate, but not D-glutamate, produce a similar response, an observation that is consistent with an uptake-related effect rather than a receptor-mediated one. Under basal conditions, concentration-dependent inhibition of Na+,K+-ATPase activity in astrocytes by ouabain indicates the presence of a single catalytic site with a low affinity for ouabain (K0.5 = 113 microM), compatible with the presence of an alpha1 isozyme. On stimulation with glutamate, however, most of the increased activity is inhibited by low concentrations of ouabain (K0.5 = 20 nM), thus revealing a high-affinity site akin to the alpha2 isozyme. These results suggest that astrocytes possess a glutamate-sensitive isoform of Na+,K+-ATPase that can be mobilized in response to increased neuronal activity.

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