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Plant Physiol. 1997 Oct;115(2):419-26.

The massugu1 mutation of Arabidopsis identified with failure of auxin-induced growth curvature of hypocotyl confers auxin insensitivity to hypocotyl and leaf.

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  • 1Division of Biological Science, Graduate School of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan.


Unilateral application of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) in a lanolin base to hypocotyls of partially etiolated seedlings of wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana induced growth curvature in a dose-dependent manner. The effects of IAA in concentrations from 1 to 1000 microM were studied, with maximum IAA-induced curvature at 100 microM. Three IAA-insensitive mutants were isolated and are all in the same locus, massugu1 (msg1). They did not undergo hypocotyl growth curvature at any of the IAA concentrations tested. msg1 is recessive and is located on chromosome 5. msg 1 hypocotyl growth is resistant to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), but the roots are as sensitive to 2,4-D as the wild type. Growth of the hypocotyl was inhibited to essentially the same extent as the wild type by 6-benzylaminopurine, abscisic acid, and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate, an ethylene precursor. The msg1 leaves were also resistant to 2,4-D-induced chlorosis. The gravitropic response of the msg1 hypocotyl takes much more time to initiate and achieve the wild-type degree of curvature, whereas the msg1 roots responded normally to gravity. The mature plants and the etiolated seedlings of msg1 were generally wild type in appearance, except that their rosette leaves were either epinastic or hyponastic. msg1 is the first auxin-insensitive mutant in which it effects are mostly restricted to the hypocotyl and leaf, and msg1 also appears to be auxin specific.

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