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J Med Chem. 1997 Oct 10;40(21):3369-80.

Phenylimidazolidin-2-one derivatives as selective 5-HT3 receptor antagonists and refinement of the pharmacophore model for 5-HT3 receptor binding.

Author information

1
CNS Research, Structure Based Drug Design-CAMD Unit, Pharmacia & Upjohn, Nerviano, Milano, Italy.

Abstract

A possible bioisosterism between the benzamido and the phenylimidazolidin-2-one moieties has been suggested on the basis of the similarity between the molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) of metoclopramide, a D2 receptor antagonist with weak 5-HT3 receptor antagonist properties, and zetidoline, a D2 receptor antagonist. Starting from this premise, a series of phenylimidazolidin-2-one derivatives bearing a basic azabicycloalkyl or an imidazolylalkyl moiety were synthesized and evaluated for 5-HT3 receptor radioligand binding affinity ([3H]-GR 43,694). In vitro 5-HT3 receptor antagonist activity was tested in the guinea pig ileum assay (GPI). A number of high-affinity ligands were shown to be potent 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in vivo as determined by inhibition of the Bezold--Jarisch reflex in the anesthetized rat. In general, the imidazolylalkyl derivatives were found to be more active than azabicycloalkyls. 1-(3,5-Dichlorophenyl)-3-[(5-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)methyl]imidazoli din-2-one (58), in particular, displayed very high affinity for the 5-HT3 receptor (Ki of 0.038 nM) with a Kb of 5.62 nM in the GPI assay, being more potent than the reference compounds (ondansetron, tropisetron, granisetron, and BRL 46,470) tested. 58 showed an ID50 comparable to that of ondansetron (2.2 micrograms/kg i.v.) in the Bezold--Jarisch reflex. A molecular modeling study based on this structurally novel series of compounds allowed the refinement of previously reported 5-HT3 receptor antagonist pharmacophore models.

PMID:
9341912
DOI:
10.1021/jm970060o
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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