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J Biol Chem. 1997 Oct 24;272(43):27450-5.

Lyn associates with the juxtamembrane region of c-Kit and is activated by stem cell factor in hematopoietic cell lines and normal progenitor cells.

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Laboratory of Leukocyte Biology, Division of Basic Sciences, National Cancer Institute-Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Frederick, Maryland 21702-1201, USA.


Stem cell factor (SCF) is a cytokine critical for normal hematopoiesis. The receptor for SCF is c-Kit, a receptor tyrosine kinase. Our laboratory is interested in delineating critical components of the SCF signal transduction pathway in hematopoietic tissue. The present study examines activation of Src family members in response to SCF. Stimulation of cell lines as well as normal progenitor cells with SCF rapidly increased tyrosine phosphorylation of the Src family member Lyn. Peak responses were noted 10-20 min after SCF treatment, and phosphorylation of Lyn returned to basal levels 60-90 min after stimulation. SCF also induced increases in Lyn kinase activity in vitro. Lyn coimmunoprecipitated with c-Kit, and studies with GST fusion proteins demonstrated that Lyn readily associated with the juxtamembrane region of c-Kit. Treatment of cells with either Lyn antisense oligonucleotides or PP1, a Src family inhibitor, resulted in dramatic inhibition of SCF-induced proliferation. These data demonstrate that SCF rapidly activates Lyn and suggest that Lyn is critical in SCF-induced proliferation in hematopoietic cells.

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