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Ann Surg. 1997 Sep;226(3):315-21; discussion 321-3.

Reoperation after Nissen fundoplication in children with gastroesophageal reflux: experience with 130 patients.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Indiana University School of Medicine and the James Whitcomb Riley Hospital for Children, Indianapolis 46202, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The authors evaluate reoperation for recurrent gastroesophageal reflux (GER) after a failed Nissen fundoplication.

SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA:

Nissen fundoplication is an accepted treatment for GER refractory to medical therapy. Wrap failure and recurrence of GER are noted in 8% to 12%.

METHODS:

Medical records of 130 children undergoing a second antireflux operation for recurrent GER from January 1985 to June 1996 retrospectively were reviewed.

RESULTS:

One hundred one patients (78%) were neurologically impaired (NI), 74 (57%) had chronic pulmonary disease, and 8 had esophageal atresia. Recurrent symptoms included vomiting (78%), growth failure (62%), choking-coughing-gagging (38%), and pneumonia (25%). Gastroesophageal reflux was confirmed by barium swallow, gastric scintigraphy, and endoscopy. Operative findings showed wrap breakdown (42%), wrap-hiatal hernia (30%), or both (21%). A second Nissen fundoplication was performed in 128 children. Complications included bowel obstruction (18), wound infection (10), pneumonia (6) and tight wrap (9). There were two postoperative (<30 days) deaths (1.5%). Of 124 patients observed long term, 89 (72%) remain symptom free. Eight were converted to tube feedings. Twenty-seven required a third fundoplication, and 19 (70%) were successful outcome. Two with repetitive wrap failure due to gastric atony underwent gastric resection and esophagojejunostomy.

CONCLUSION:

Nissen fundoplication was successful in 91% of patients. In 9% with wrap failure, a second Nissen fundoplication was successful in 72%. Reoperation is justified in properly selectedpatients. Conversion to jejunostomy feedings is suggested for neurologically impaired after two wrap failures and a partial wrap in those with esophageal atresia and severe esophageal dysmotility. Repeated wrap failure due to gastric atony requires gastric resection and esophagojejunostomy.

PMID:
9339938
PMCID:
PMC1191031
DOI:
10.1097/00000658-199709000-00011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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