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Bioelectromagnetics. 1997;18(7):463-9.

Intramembrane protein distribution in cell cultures is affected by 50 Hz pulsed magnetic fields.

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Dipartimento di Fisica, Università di Bologna, Italy.


Intramembrane proteins (IMP) represent a class of proteins located in the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane which function as ion channels, enzymes or receptors. Since it has been argued that biological effects of extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields are mediated by plasma membrane. this work was designed to study the possible effects of 50 Hz pulsed magnetic fields (PMF) of the type used to stimulate bone repair, on the distribution of IMP in the plasma membrane of Swiss NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Evaluations were based on the calculation of a distribution factor, which allows discrimination between random, regular and clustered distribution of IMP, in electron microscope images of freeze-fractured membranes. The results indicate that cells exposed to PMF for more than two hours have a significant clustering of the IMP distribution compared to control unexposed cells.

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