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Cancer Surv. 1997;29:47-73.

Cyclins and the G2/M transition.

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Wellcome/CRC Institute of Developmental Biology, Cambridge.


The entry of a cell into mitosis is regulated by an elaborate network of kinases and phosphatases that control both for the timing of cell division and the complete reorganization of the cellular architecture. The mitotic cyclin/Cdks form part of large multiprotein complexes whose other components are only now beginning to be identified. The continuing identification of proteins that contribute to these complexes and changes in the composition of these complexes are likely to give a more integrated view of how mitotic cyclin/Cdk complexes are regulated and how they function-not only to induce mitosis, but also to aid further mitotic progression. Furthermore, assigning specific G2/M functions to distinct mitotic cyclin/Cdk complexes will require the identification of differences in substrate specificities between the mitotic cyclin/Cdk complexes, perhaps in parallel with specific cyclin knockouts in mice. Such investigations will be complicated by potential functional overlap between mitotic cyclin/Cdk complexes in vitro and in vivo. Although cyclin/Cdk1 is thought to be the major kinase that initiates the onset of mitosis, a more complete understanding of how cells move from G2 to a mitotic state will require further identification of kinases operating upstream, downstream and in parallel with Cdk1, their substrates and their relationship with one another during the G2/M transition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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