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J Epidemiol. 1997 Sep;7(3):161-6.

Anticipation of job loss or job change and cardiovascular risk factors: a study of retiring self-defense officials in Japan.

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  • 1Department of Public Health, School of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.


Self-defense officials in Japan are to retire at the age of early 50s. This unique situation prompted the authors to investigate whether preexisting morbid conditions cause any difficulty in finding a post-retirement job and whether anticipation of job loss or job change, as measured by the status of post-retirement job and months remaining until retirement, was related to biological cardiovascular risk factors. The subjects were 2,228 male self-defense officials who received a preretirement health examination at three Self-Defense Forces Hospitals from 1991 to 1992; the period in time remaining until retirement ranged from 1-40 months (median 12 months), and 62% had one year or less until the retirement. The defined preexisting illnesses included a wide range of chronic, non-communicable diseases. Overall, the preexisting illness was unrelated to the determination of a post-retirement job. In men having 6 months or less until retirement, however, the security of post-retirement job was less frequent when they had the preexisting illness, especially cardiovascular diseases. In 1,839 men excluding those with the preexisting illness, the period until retirement was not adversely related to obesity, blood pressure, serum lipids, serum uric acid, or glucose intolerance whether the post-retirement job had been secured or not. The findings suggest that the preexisting illness decreases the chance of obtaining a post-retirement job, but do not provide any evidence that anticipation of job loss or job change due to early retirement exerts an adverse effect on biological cardiovascular risk factors.

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