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Circulation. 1997 Oct 7;96(7):2339-47.

Inhibition of arterial thrombosis by recombinant annexin V in a rabbit carotid artery injury model.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, USA.



The procoagulant effect of anionic phospholipid may play a major role in the development of arterial thrombosis.


Annexin V, a calcium-dependent anionic-phospholipid-binding protein, was expressed and isolated from Escherichia coli and its antithrombotic effect examined in a rabbit carotid artery thrombosis model. A partially occlusive thrombus was formed in the left carotid artery by application of electric current to produce an approximately 50% occlusion of the lumen. After the current was discontinued, flow ceased completely within 42+/-12 minutes (n=6) because of continuing platelet/fibrin thrombus formation. When annexin V was given at doses of 2.8 to 16.6 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1) for a period of 180 minutes, starting at the time the current was stopped, there was a dose-dependent inhibition of thrombus formation. At a dose of 5.6 microg x kg(-1) x min(-1), blood flow remained patent throughout the infusion and for an additional 60 minutes after the infusion was stopped. In addition, there was a decrease in thrombus weight (16+/-7.4 versus 2.0+/-1.0 g), (125)I-fibrin deposition (approximately 45% reduction, P<.001), and (111)In-labeled platelet accumulation (approximately 43% reduction, P<.001). Prior mixing of annexin V with phosphatidylserine micelles abolished the antithrombotic effect of annexin V, whereas mixing with phosphatidylcholine micelles had no effect. The antithrombotic effect of annexin V was not associated with bleeding tendency, as judged by the amount of blood absorbed in a gauze pad placed in a surgical incision extending to the muscle tissue and by the standard template bleeding time.


These observations support a potentially important role for anionic phospholipid exposure in platelets in arterial thrombosis, and inhibition of this activity could be a novel target for therapy in coronary thrombosis and stroke and after angioplasty.

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