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Nucleic Acids Res. 1997 Nov 1;25(21):4408-15.

Sequence walkers: a graphical method to display how binding proteins interact with DNA or RNA sequences.

Author information

1
National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Laboratory of Mathematical Biology, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, USA.

Erratum in

  • Nucleic Acids Res 1998 Feb 15;26(4):following 1134.

Abstract

A graphical method is presented for displaying how binding proteins and other macromolecules interact with individual bases of nucleotide sequences. Characters representing the sequence are either oriented normally and placed above a line indicating favorable contact, or upside-down and placed below the line indicating unfavorable contact. The positive or negative height of each letter shows the contribution of that base to the average sequence conservation of the binding site, as represented by a sequence logo. These sequence 'walkers' can be stepped along raw sequence data to visually search for binding sites. Many walkers, for the same or different proteins, can be simultaneously placed next to a sequence to create a quantitative map of a complex genetic region. One can alter the sequence to quantitatively engineer binding sites. Database anomalies can be visualized by placing a walker at the recorded positions of a binding molecule and by comparing this to locations found by scanning the nearby sequences. The sequence can also be altered to predict whether a change is a polymorphism or a mutation for the recognizer being modeled.

PMID:
9336476
PMCID:
PMC147041
DOI:
10.1093/nar/25.21.4408
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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