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J Clin Oncol. 1997 Oct;15(10):3230-40.

Assessment of genomic damage in colorectal cancer by DNA fingerprinting: prognostic applications.

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  • 1Institut de Recerca Oncològica, Hospital Duran i Reynals, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Here we evaluate the prognostic significance of the relative value of genomic damage assessed by DNA fingerprinting in colorectal cancer.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Sixty-three tumor and paired normal mucosa samples were included in the study. Genomic damage was assessed by comparative analysis of paired normal and tumor tissue DNA fingerprints by the arbitrarily primed polymerase chain reaction (AP-PCR). Decreases and increases of intensity in bands were computed and referred to the total number of visualized bands per case. An index reflecting the genomic damage fraction (GDF), with separated values for losses and gains, was obtained for each tumor. This index was used to determine molecular and clinicopathologic correlates after exclusion of eight cases displaying microsatellite instability.

RESULTS:

Fifty-five cases were considered for the statistical analysis. The average fraction of altered bands per tumor was 0.287+/-0.121. When losses and gains were computed separately, the average fraction of changes was 0.126+/-0.113 and 0.161+/-0.120, respectively. Tumors lacking a ras mutation showed an increased GDF, primarily because of a higher fraction of gains. Tumors that were at advanced Dukes' stages and that were poorly differentiated also displayed a higher GDF. Finally, disease-free survival was significantly diminished in tumors with a GDF greater than 0.314 (P < .001). The prognostic significance of the GDF was independent of Dukes' stage (Cox multivariate analysis, P = .005).

CONCLUSION:

The degree of genomic damage assessed by unbiased DNA fingerprinting correlates with genotypic, phenotypic, and clinical variables in colorectal carcinoma and may be useful in assessing prognosis in colorectal cancer.

PMID:
9336360
DOI:
10.1200/jco.1997.15.10.3230
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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