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J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 1997 Oct;30(4):517-22.

Beta-amyloid-induced coronary artery vasoactivity and endothelial damage.

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1
Department of Psychiatry, University of South Florida, College of Medicine, Tampa 33612-4799, U.S.A.

Abstract

Amyloid beta-peptide (A beta) deposition has been associated with coronary heart disease and neurodegenerative diseases. A link between A beta and free radical generation has been explored in neuronal tissue. We report here on the effect of A beta on pressurized segments of coronary resistance arteries and the role of free radicals. A small oscillatory response to A beta (10[-6] M) that consisted of a relaxation followed by constriction and a return to the basal diameter was observed in all vessels. The thromboxane A2 analog U46619 produced a significantly greater constriction compared with the response before treatment with A beta. The presence of the antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) reduced both the response to A beta alone and the enhanced response to U46619. Vasodilation responses to acetylcholine (10[-9]-10[-5] M) were virtually eliminated at all concentrations by A beta. We confirmed endothelial cell damage by A beta with electron microscopy. The results suggest that A beta deposition in coronary resistance arteries causes endothelial damage that is mediated through superoxide radicals.

PMID:
9335413
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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