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Infection. 1997 Sep-Oct;25(5):286-91.

Vaginal Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization: influence on pregnancy outcome and neonatal morbidity.

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Max von Pettenkofer-Institut, München, Germany.


The effects of Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization on pregnancy and neonatal outcome was prospectively studied in women with impending term or preterm delivery. One hundred and seventy women colonized with U. urealyticum as the only pathogenic microorganism and 83 women with negative cultures were enrolled for study. Compared to the controls, U. urealyticum colonization was associated with a significantly increased rate of amnionitis (2% vs 35%; p < 0.001), chorioamnionitis (0% vs 10%; p < 0.05), premature rupture of membranes (12% vs 35%; p < 0.001) and preterm delivery (10% vs 41%; p < 0.001). The rate of vertical transmission ranged from 38% in term infants to 95% in very low birth weight infants. U. urealyticum colonization at birth was associated with an increased risk for the development of respiratory distress syndrome (9% vs 51%), intraventricular hemorrhage (1% vs 7%) and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (4% vs 17%) in very low birth weight infants (< 1500 g). It is concluded that maternal U. urealyticum colonization is associated with amnionitis, chorioamnionitis and preterm delivery, and that tracheal colonization with U. urealyticum increases the risk for respiratory and neurological complications in very low birth weight infants.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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