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J Biol Chem. 1997 Oct 17;272(42):26219-25.

Interaction of phosphorylated tryptophan hydroxylase with 14-3-3 proteins.

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1
Laboratory of Neurochemistry, National Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.

Abstract

Rabbit brain tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) has been expressed in insect cells (Spodoptera frugiperda) as a histidine-tagged enzyme. The specific activity of the purified fusion enzyme is 80 nmol of 5-hydroxytryptophan/min/mg. Multifunctional regulatory 14-3-3 proteins were purified from fresh bovine brain. Phosphorylation and 14-3-3 proteins play important roles in the regulation of TPH activity. We have found that phosphorylation of TPH by cAMP-dependent protein kinase increased the activity of the hydroxylase by 25-30% and that 14-3-3 proteins increased the hydroxylase activity of phosphorylated TPH by approximately 45%. Under these conditions, the 14-3-3 proteins were not phosphorylated, and unphosphorylated TPH was not activated by 14-3-3 proteins. Surface plasmon resonance analysis demonstrated that 14-3-3 proteins bind to phosphorylated TPH with an affinity constant (Ka) of 4.5 x 10(7) M-1. Binding studies using affinity chromatography also showed that 14-3-3 proteins interact with phosphorylated TPH. The dephosphorylation of TPH by protein phosphatase-1 was inhibited by 14-3-3 proteins. Our results demonstrate that 14-3-3 proteins form a complex with phosphorylated brain TPH, thereby increasing its enzymatic activity and inhibiting its dephosphorylation.

PMID:
9334190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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