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Oncogene. 1997 Sep 18;15(12):1437-44.

Enhancement of EGF- and PMA-mediated MAP kinase activation in cells expressing the human papillomavirus type 16 E5 protein.

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Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, Heidelberg, Germany.


In this report we demonstrate that cells expressing the human papillomavirus type 16 E5 open reading frame (HPV16-E5) show a greatly enhanced transcription of the immediate early genes after EGF or PMA treatment compared to control cells. This enhancement is due to amplification of the signal transduction pathways in response to growth factors or phorbol esters. Upon short-time EGF treatment of the E5-expressing cells we observed an increase in the activation of EGF receptors, resulting in a stronger activation of MAP kinases ERK1/2 compared to control-transfected cells. We also observed that in E5-expressing cells, treatment with PMA results in an increase in membrane-associated PKC activity, and a superactivation of the ERK1/2 MAP kinases. This superactivation is PKC-dependent, since pretreatment of the cells with the PKC inhibitor Ro 31-8220 inhibits MAP kinase activation and early gene transcription almost completely. Furthermore, treatment with genistein strongly reduces the PMA-mediated superactivation of ERK1/2 kinases, demonstrating a PKC-mediated, tyrosine kinase-dependent pathway in the superinduction of MAP kinase activation. Thus, HPV16-E5 effects superactivation of MAP kinases over at least two different pathways, a PKC-mediated, and another, receptor tyrosine-kinase mediated, PKC-independent one.

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