Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 1997 Sep 18;15(12):1425-35.

Activation of multiple growth regulatory genes following inducible expression of IRF-1 or IRF/RelA fusion proteins.

Author information

Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General Hospital, Department of Microbiology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.


Interferon Regulatory Factor (IRF)-1 has been characterized as an important growth regulatory and immunomodulatory transcription factor. To further characterize the potential targets of IRF-1 antiproliferative activity, IRF-1 was expressed under the control of the tetracycline-inducible system in murine NIH3T3 cells. Due to their ability to mimic IRF-1 transactivator function, the regulatory potential of IRF-1/RelA and IRF-2/RelA fusion proteins consisting of the DNA binding domains of IRF-1 or IRF-2 fused to the transactivation domain of NF-kappaB RelA(p65) was also examined. Cells inducibly expressing IRF-1 or IRF/RelA in response to doxycycline treatment displayed significantly reduced growth rates compared to control cells, and inhibition of cell growth correlated directly with the level of transgene expression. Interestingly, IRF-1 and IRF/RelA expression also induced a low level of apoptosis, as detected by microscopic analyses. Furthermore, expression of the interferon inducible, double stranded RNA dependent kinase PKR was increased following IRF-1 or IRF/RelA induction. Most strikingly, induction of IRF-1 and IRF/RelA expression resulted in a significant increase in STAT1 (p91) protein and increased ISGF3 DNA binding activity, suggesting that IRF-1 tumor suppressor activity may involve a novel mechanism which activates the JAK-STAT pathway through STAT1. WAF1 levels were also constitutively elevated in IRF-1 and IRF-1/RelA cells. These studies demonstrate that inducible expression of the transactivation function of IRF-1 or IRF/RelA mediates tumor suppressor activity by inducing cell growth arrest, apoptosis and the differential activation of growth regulatory genes such as PKR, STAT1 and WAF1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center