Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochemistry (Mosc). 1997 Jul;62(7):685-93.

Factor IX of the blood coagulation system: a review.

Author information

  • 1Palladin Institute of Biochemistry, Ukrainian National Academy of Sciences, Kiev, Ukraine.


Factor IX is a factor of the blood coagulation system. Its activation occurs on the surface of phospholipid membranes. It can be activated by the factor VIIa-TF (tissue factor)-Ca2+ complex via an extrinsic pathway and by factor XIa in the presence of Ca2+ via the intrinsic pathway of blood coagulation system activation. The activated factor IXa is a serine proteinase. The main function of the activated factor IXa in complex with factor VIIIa and phospholipids in presence of Ca2+ consists of the activation of factor X. Factor IX is synthesized in the liver and is subject to a number of posttranslational modifications including gamma-carboxylation, beta-hydroxylation, and glycosylation. It forms a subgroup of vitamin K-dependent plasma proteins including factors VII and X and protein C characterized by identical domain structures having high levels of homology. Factor IX consists of an NH2-terminal Gla domain, two epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like domains, and a C-terminal domain containing Ser in its active site. Factor IX deficiency in human plasma results in the disease known as hemophilia B.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Support Center