Send to

Choose Destination
Transplantation. 1997 Sep 27;64(6):897-900.

Use of CTLA4-Ig in combination with conventional immunosuppressive agents to prolong allograft survival.

Author information

Department of Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.



The objective of our study was to determine the effectiveness of CTLA4-Ig, a novel immunosuppressive agent, in augmenting allograft survival when combined with either cyclosporine, sirolimus, donor-specific bone marrow alone (BM), or bone marrow in conjunction with antilymphocyte serum (ALS).


Full-thickness skin allografts were used in C3H to B6AF1 (class I mismatch) and AKR to C57BL/6 (complete mismatch) models. Groups of mice (n=6-14) were treated with various combinations of the following treatment protocols: murine CTLA4-Ig, L-6 control Ig, sirolimus, cyclosporine, ALS, or ALS/BM.


In the class I mismatch model, L-6 control Ig had no effect whereas use of CTLA4-Ig alone resulted in a doubling of the median graft survival compared with controls. The addition of either sirolimus or cyclosporine to CTLA4-Ig increased graft survival over that achieved with CTLA4-Ig alone. CTLA4-Ig demonstrated no efficacy when used in combination with BM, ALS, or ALS/BM. CTLA4-Ig was clearly less effective in the complete mismatch model.


These data suggest that CTLA4-Ig may be effective clinically in combination with cyclosporine or sirolimus but offers no additional effectiveness in combination with antilymphocyte serum with or without donor-specific bone marrow.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center