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Endocrinology. 1997 Oct;138(10):4513-6.

Direct stimulation of basal insulin secretion by physiological concentrations of leptin in pancreatic beta cells.

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Third Department of Internal Medicine, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Japan.


We examined a possible mechanism underlying the link between obesity and hyperinsulinemia, focusing on leptin, a peptide released from adipocytes which affects the satiety center in the brain. The leptin receptor isoforms, Ob-Ra and Ob-Rb, are present in the pancreatic beta cell line MIN6 and in rat pancreatic islets, based on RT-PCR. A 2 hr, but not a 30 min, incubation with 1 nM recombinant mouse leptin, the concentration observed in obese subjects, stimulated basal (at 5 mM glucose) insulin secretion by approximately 40% in both MIN6 and rat islets. Stimulatory effects were not observed without glucose or when the incubation medium containing 1 nM leptin had been preincubated with the immobilized leptin antibody. In contrast to the stimulatory effects on basal insulin secretion at 1 nM, the maximally stimulated insulin secretion at 25 mM glucose was not significantly changed by 1 nM leptin in isolated rat islets. In addition, 10 and 100 nM leptin exerted small but significant inhibitory effects on 16.7 mM glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Thus, leptin acts directly on pancreatic beta cells, and stimulation of basal insulin secretion by physiological concentrations of leptin may account in part for the fasting hyperinsulinemia observed in obese subjects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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