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Acta Paediatr Jpn. 1997 Aug;39(4):503-7.

Medical management and complications of X-linked hypophosphatemic vitamin D resistant rickets.

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Department of Pediatrics, Okayama University Medical School, Japan.


To improve the growth failure, bowed legs, and biochemical and radiological abnormalities in patients with X-linked hypophosphatemic vitamin D resistant rickets (XLH), combined therapy of phosphate and calcitriol is the best therapeutic approach at present. However, the complications involving combined therapy, such as hypercalcemia, nephrocalcinosis and hyperparathyroidism, are not fully solved. To achieve better control, new therapeutic approaches have been reported recently, for example, growth hormone (GH) or new vitamin D analogs. GH improved linear growth, decreased phosphate reabsorption and increased 1-alpha-hydroxylase activity. Furthermore, 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25) improved the bone lesions in hypophosphatemic (Hyp) mice, and also in XLH, without the adverse effects such as hypercalcemia or hypercalciuria compared with 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. These new approaches should be considered for the treatment of patients with XLH.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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