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Psychosom Med. 1997 Sep-Oct;59(5):477-80.

Age, testosterone, and behavior among female prison inmates.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30303, USA. jdabbs@gsu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to determine how testosterone levels, both alone and interacting with age, were associated with criminal behavior and institutional behavior among female prison inmates.

METHOD:

Subjects were 87 female inmates in a maximum security state prison. Criminal behavior was scored from court records. Institutional behavior was scored from prison records and interviews with staff members. Testoster-one levels were scored from radioimmunoassay of saliva samples.

RESULTS:

Product-moment correlations revealed first-order relationships among age, testosterone, criminal behavior, and institutional behavior. Structural equation analysis suggested a causal model in which age leads to lower testosterone, which in turn leads to less violent crime and less aggressive dominance in prison.

CONCLUSION:

Testosterone is related to criminal violence and aggressive dominance in prison among women, as has been reported among men. Changes in these behaviors with age are in part explained by a decline in testosterone levels.

PMID:
9316179
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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