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Am J Cardiol. 1997 Sep 15;80(6):685-9.

Rapid reduction of ST-segment elevation after successful direct angioplasty in acute myocardial infarction.

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Division of Cardiology, Careggi Hospital, Viale Morgagni, and the Institute of General Pathology, University of Florence, Italy.


The aim of this study was to evaluate whether assessment of ST-segment changes in the 12-lead electrocardiogram from admission to 30 minutes after successful direct coronary angioplasty can predict myocardial damage and functional outcome in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Of 158 consecutive patients, 117 (92 men, aged 61 +/- 11 years) were prospectively classified into 2 groups: group 1, <50% reduction in ST-segment elevation in a single selected lead (42 patients); group 2, > or =50% reduction in ST-segment elevation (75 patients). Baseline characteristics were similar except for anterior wall AMI and Killip class >2, which were more prevalent in group 1. Peak creatine kinase was significantly higher in group 1 (3,690 +/- 2,809 vs 2,592 +/- 1,960 U/L; p = 0.018). One-month echocardiograms were obtained in 102 patients (87%). Infarct zone wall motion score index decreased in both groups, but this reduction was higher in group 2 (p <0.001). Functional recovery (>0.22 decrease in infarct zone wall motion score index) was observed in 34% of group 1 and in 78% of group 2 patients (p <0.001). One-month left ventricular ejection fraction was higher in group 2 (p <0.001). At multivariate analysis, reduction of ST-segment elevation was the only independent predictor of functional recovery (p <0.001). In conclusion, ST-segment analysis provides rapid and inexpensive information allowing identification of patients who are likely to benefit the most from myocardial reperfusion as early as 30 minutes after the last balloon inflation.

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