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Am J Public Health. 1997 Sep;87(9):1519-21.

The relationship of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws to the prevalence of smoking in Canada.

Author information

1
Thomas Stephens and Associates, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to analyze the association of cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws with the prevalence of smoking.

METHODS:

Data on individual smoking status were taken from two national household surveys in Canada. Current cigarette price, the 1-year and 10-year increase in price, and the extent of local restrictions on public smoking were added to the model. Logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of being a smoker.

RESULTS:

The odds ratio for being a smoker was 1.21 where no-smoking by-laws were relatively infrequent and 1.26 when cigarettes were relatively inexpensive, after adjusting for individual age, sex, education, and marital status.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both cigarette prices and no-smoking bylaws are effective in controlling smoking; either alone will likely have less impact than the two measures together.

PMID:
9314807
PMCID:
PMC1380981
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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