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Bioorg Med Chem. 1997 Aug;5(8):1509-17.

Isolation and characterization of novel cytotoxic saponins from Archidendron ellipticum.

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Laboratory of Drug Discovery Research & Development, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, MD 21702-1201, USA.


A series of new ester saponins, elliptosides A-J, has been isolated from the tropical plant Archidendron ellipticum (Leguminosae). These saponins were particularly cytotoxic to certain renal and melanoma cancer cell lines in the NCI's 60-cell line human tumor screen. The structures of elliptosides A, E, and F were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical means. Elliptoside A showed in vivo antitumor activity against the LOX melanoma cell line.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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