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Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1997 Sep;57(3):313-6.

Correlation of clinical and hematologic profiles with bone marrow responses in typhoid fever.

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Department of Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, India.


Thirty-six adult patients with typhoid fever were studied. Severe, moderate, and mild typhoid fevers were observed in 17 (47.2%), 17 (47.2%), and two (5.6%) patients, respectively. Twenty-eight (77.8%) had either isolated anemia (i.e., anemia unaccompanied by other blood component cytopenias) or mixed cytopenias. Three patients (8.3%) had pancytopenia. Sixteen patients (44.5%) had either total or partial bone marrow suppression. In five (31.3%) with partial suppression, the effect of bone marrow suppression was not reflected in peripheral blood. Sixteen (48.5%) of 33 had peripheral blood cytopenias that were not accompanied by concurrent bone marrow suppression, suggesting a peripheral mechanism responsible for the blood dyscrasia in those cases. No patient had evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy. There was no correlation between clinical severity of disease and bone marrow changes. Bone marrow/peripheral blood changes did not influence the outcome of the disease, since all the patients recovered fully after treatment.

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