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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1997 Sep;156(3 Pt 1):895-900.

The early bactericidal activity of isoniazid related to its dose size in pulmonary tuberculosis.

Author information

1
Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Tygerberg Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.

Abstract

Collections of sputum from 105 patients with newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis were made before and at 1 and 2 d after the start of chemotherapy with isoniazid (INH) alone given to groups of patients in doses of 600 mg, 300 mg, 150 mg, 75 mg, 37.5 mg, 18.75 mg, and 9 mg daily, as well as from an untreated group. Counts of colony forming units (cfu) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the collections were set up on plates of selective 7H10 medium. The early bactericidal activity (EBA) of INH was defined as the decrease in log10 cfu/ml sputum/day during the first 2 d of treatment. A smooth curve relating EBA to log dose was obtained, with 600 mg INH yielding the highest mean EBA of 0.539, and 18.75 mg INH yielding the lowest EBA (0.111) that could be distinguished from the bactericidal activity of the untreated group. The ratio of the usual dose of 300 mg INH to the lowest dose, of 18.75 mg, that produced a detectable EBA, termed the therapeutic margin, was therefore 16, in contrast to the lower therapeutic margin of 4 for rifampin. The EBA was related to the INH acetylator genotype of patients treated with 600 mg or 9 mg INH.

PMID:
9310010
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.156.3.9609132
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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