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Hum Pathol. 1997 Sep;28(9):1007-9.

Helicobacter pylori infection and adenocarcinoma arising in Barrett's esophagus.

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1
Department of Pathology, Rhode Island Hospital and Brown University School of Medicine, Providence 02903, USA.

Abstract

Helicobacter pylori infection has been implicated in the development of chronic active gastritis and gastric neoplasms (ie, mucosa-associated lymphoid tumors and adenocarcinoma). The potential association between esophageal H pylori infection with Barrett's esophagus-associated adenocarcinoma has not been previously studied. Nineteen cases of adenocarcinoma arising in Barrett's esophagus were examined for the presence of H pylori. Barrett's esophagus was defined by the presence of metaplastic specialized-type epithelium (gastric-type epithelium with goblet cell metaplasia) in the distal esophagus. To detect the presence of H pylori, 5-microm sections, from several tissue blocks in each case, were stained with routine hematoxylin-eosin, modified Giemsa, and an antibody directed against H pylori (Dako a/s, Denmark, Lot # 111061). Stained sections were examined independently by two pathologists. All three staining methods failed to show H pylori in any of the cases examined. Sections of Barrett's esophagus (with and without dysplasia), adenocarcinoma, and stomach (when available) were uniformly negative for the presence of H pylori. We conclude that neither gastric nor esophageal infection with H pylori is a requisite for the development of adenocarcinoma in Barrett's esophagus. Moreover, it is unlikely that a significant association between H pylori infection and Barrett's-associated adenocarcinoma exists.

PMID:
9308723
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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