Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Thorac Surg. 1997 Sep;64(3):757-64.

Colon interposition for esophageal replacement: current indications and long-term function.

Author information

Department of Thoracic Surgery, University of Marseille, France.



In contrast to the use of the stomach as an esophageal substitute, the use of the colon is becoming uncommon.


From 1985 to 1995, 60 patients underwent colon interposition for esophageal cancer (n = 37), benign stricture (n = 13), iatrogenic fistula (n = 5), achalasia (n = 3), or necrosis of a previous substitute (n = 2). A long isoperistaltic conduit based on the left colonic artery could be used in 52 patients (86.7%). The surgical route used was through the esophageal bed in 38 patients (63.3%), under the sternum in 21 patients, and under the skin in 1 patient.


Colon interposition represented 18.5% of all operations performed for esophageal substitution during the study period. The choice of the colon resulted from an inadequate stomach in 33 cases (55%). The operative mortality rate was 8.3%. Seven patients (13.5%) required dilation of the esophagocolonic anastomosis. At last follow-up, 34 patients (65.4%) had no difficulty eating. Multivariate analysis identified the conduit position in the posterior mediastinum as the sole independent predictor of a good functional result (p = 0.002).


Colon interposition for esophageal substitution, usually performed when the stomach is not available, provides satisfactory function when placed in the esophageal bed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center