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Pflugers Arch. 1997 Nov;434(6):705-11.

Intrarenal oxygen tension measured by a modified clark electrode at normal and low blood pressure and after injection of x-ray contrast media.

Author information

1
Department of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, S-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden.

Abstract

The oxygen tension (pO2) in the rat kidney was studied using a Clark microelectrode with a guard cathode behind the sensing cathode. The mean (+/- SEM) outer tip diameter of the electrodes used was 5.5 +/- 1.9 microm. The zero-pO2 current amounted to 12.5 +/- 0.9 pA at 37 degrees C; at air saturation it was 252 +/- 22.9 pA. Rats with a systolic blood pressure (BP) above 80 mmHg (where 1 mmHg = 133 Pa) showed an average pO2 in the cortex of 45 +/- 2 mmHg and in the outer medulla of 31 +/-1 mmHg. In rats with a BP below 80 mmHg a paradoxically high outer medullary pO2 of 40 +/- 4 mmHg was found, while the pO2 in the cortex was 27 +/- 4 mmHg. Changes in pO2 were also noted in the renal cortex and outer medulla after intravenous injections of the x-ray contrast medium diatrizoate (370 mg iodine/ml). In rats with normal BP, injection of diatrizoate caused a slight fall in pO2 in the renal cortex, from 42 +/- 4 to 38 +/-4 mmHg. In the medulla pO2 decreased significantly from 34 +/- 6 to 20 +/-4 mmHg. Ringer's solution did not induce any changes.

PMID:
9306002
DOI:
10.1007/s004240050455
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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