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J Biol Chem. 1997 Sep 26;272(39):24183-90.

Janus kinase-dependent activation of insulin receptor substrate 1 in response to interleukin-4, oncostatin M, and the interferons.

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Imperial Cancer Research Fund, 44 Lincoln's Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PX, United Kingdom.


In addition to a role in response to insulin and insulin-like growth factors, insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS-1) is phosphorylated in response to IL-4, the interferons (IFNs) and oncostatin M (OSM). Here mutant cell lines lacking JAK1, JAK2, or Tyk2 were used to determine the role(s) of the Janus kinase (JAK) family of protein-tyrosine kinases in IRS-1 phophorylation. 32D cells, which do not express IRS proteins, were analyzed for any requirement for these proteins in response to the IFNs. For the mutant human fibrosarcoma cell lines, phosphorylation of IRS-1 through the insulin-like growth factor receptor is independent of JAK1, JAK2, or Tyk2. In contrast, phosphorylation of IRS-1 mediated by the Type I IFNs, IL-4, and OSM is JAK-dependent. For the alphabeta-IFNs, activation of IRS-1 is dependent on JAK1 and Tyk2, consistent with the interdependence of these kinases in the IFN-alphabeta response. Neither IRS-1 nor IRS-2 was detectably activated by IFN-gamma. Consistent with this, activation of neither IRS proteins appears to be an absolute requirement for an antiproliferative or an antiviral response to the IFNs. For IL-4 and OSM phosphorylation of IRS-1 in the human fibrosarcoma cells is largely dependent on JAK1 but can also be mediated through Tyk2 or JAK2. Activation of phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase in response to IL-4 and OSM, at least, was also JAK-dependent. The JAKs are, therefore, required not only for STAT activation but also for the activation, through a variety of different types of cytokine receptor, of an additional signaling pathway(s) through IRS-1 and phosphatidylinositol 3'-kinase.

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