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FEBS Lett. 1997 Sep 1;414(1):129-34.

Incorporation of 1-deoxy-D-xylulose into isoprene and phytol by higher plants and algae.

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Botanisches Institut, Universität Karlsruhe, Germany.


In further substantiating the novel mevalonate-independent pathway for isoprenoid biosynthesis, which generates isopentenyl diphosphate (IPP) via 1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate, labeling experiments with 1-[2H(1)]deoxy-D-xylulose were performed with various higher plants and algae: efficient incorporation was observed into isoprene emitted by Populus, Chelidonium, and Salix, into the phytol moiety of chlorophylls in a red alga (Cyanidium), in two green algae (Scenedesmus, Chlamydomonas), and a higher plant (Lemna). By contrast, 13C-mevalonate applied was incorporated into isoprene and phytol to a much lower extent or not at all. This demonstrates that this '1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate pathway' for biosynthesis of plastidic isoprenoids is widely distributed in photosynthetic organisms.

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