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Arch Dis Child. 1997 Aug;77(2):124-30.

Randomised controlled trial of inhaled corticosteroids (fluticasone propionate) in cystic fibrosis.

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1
Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Trust, London.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Controlling lung inflammation may be the key to improving morbidity and mortality in cystic fibrosis.

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the effects of inhaled corticosteroids on lung inflammation in cystic fibrosis.

DESIGN:

Double blind placebo controlled randomised sequence crossover trial. Fluticasone propionate (400 micrograms/day) was given as a dry powder inhaler for six weeks with a four week washout period before crossover.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Sputum inflammatory markers (interleukin-8, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and neutrophil elastase-both free and bound to alpha 1-antiprotease), sputum interleukin-10, lung function, and symptomatology.

SUBJECTS:

Twenty three children from a regional cystic fibrosis centre were enrolled into the study, with mean age 10.3 years (range 7 to 17 years) and mean baseline forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) of 64% (range 21% to 102%) predicted for sex and height. One patient was excluded for non-compliance to the study protocol.

RESULTS:

No significant benefit was shown for the use of fluticasone propionate in any of the outcomes. For sputum interleukin-8 there was an estimated true treatment median difference of 142 pg/ml (95% confidence interval (CI) 8 to 2866 pg/ml) in favour of placebo; while for maximal expiratory flow at 25% (MEF25%) remaining forced vital capacity predicted for sex and height there was a 15 percentage points (pp) (95% CI 4 to 26 pp) mean treatment difference in favour of placebo. Sputum interleukin-10 was undetected in any samples and unaffected by fluticasone propionate. Neither atopic status, baseline FEV1, nor concomitant DNase therapy had any effect on response to treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lack of benefit from fluticasone propionate was most likely due to failure of the drug to penetrate the viscid mucus lining the airways. It is suggested a large multicentre trial with higher doses given for a longer time by a different delivery system is required to assess efficacy.

PMID:
9301350
PMCID:
PMC1717269
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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