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Plant J. 1997 Aug;12(2):417-26.

Auxin regulation and spatial localization of an endo-1,4-beta-D-glucanase and a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase in expanding tomato hypocotyls.

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1
Mann Laboratory, Department of Vegetable Crops, University of California Davis, CA 95616, USA.

Abstract

Xyloglucan, the primary hemicellulosic cell wall polysaccharide in dicotyledons, undergoes substantial modification during auxin-stimulated cell expansion. To identify candidates for mediating xyloglucan turnover, the expression and auxin regulation of tomato Cel7 and LeEXT, genes encoding an endo-1,4-beta-glucanase (EGase) and a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET), respectively, were examined. LeEXT mRNA was present primarily in elongating regions of the hypocotyl and was induced to higher levels by hormone treatments that elicited elongation of hypocotyl segments. Cel7 mRNA abundance was very low in both elongating and mature regions of the hypocotyl but was induced to accumulate to high levels in both hypocotyl regions by auxin application. Analysis of the time dependence of expression of Cel7 and LeEXT during auxin treatment suggested that induction of these genes is not required for rapid growth responses but may participate in the cell wall changes involved in sustained cell elongation. Localization of Cel7 and LeEXT mRNA by in situ hybridization revealed that both genes are expressed in outer cell layers of the hypocotyl. In untreated etiolated seedlings, LeEXT mRNA was detected in epidermal cells of the elongating region, a tissue considered to play a key role in auxin-induced elongation. After auxin treatment, Cel7 and LeEXT mRNA showed an overlapping spatial distribution in the epidermis and outer cortical cell layers. We conclude that LeEXT and Cel7 exhibit both unique and overlapping patterns of expression and have the potential to act cooperatively in mediating cell wall disassembly associated with expansive growth.

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