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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997 Sep 8;238(1):90-4.

Structure of IL-13 receptor: analysis of subunit composition in cancer and immune cells.

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Laboratory of Molecular Tumor Biology, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


The structure of IL-13 receptor (IL-13R) is currently under investigation. Recently, two different human IL-13R chains, termed here IL-13R alpha and -alpha' have been cloned. We have examined various cancer and normal cell lines for the presence of mRNA for IL-13R alpha and alpha, as well as IL-4R p140 (termed beta chain) and IL-2R gamma c chains. In renal cell carcinoma, glioblastoma and ovarian carcinoma (IGROV-1) cell lines, both IL-13R alpha and alpha chains were expressed (type I IL-13R). In epidermoid, colon, ovarian adenocarcinoma (PA-1) and normal mouse fibroblast (COS7) cell lines, only IL-13R alpha' was expressed (type II IL-13R). In hematopoietic TF-1 and EBV-immortalized normal B cell lines only IL-13R alpha' but not alpha chain was expressed along with gamma c (type III or type IV IL-13R). IL-13R alpha' chain was faintly detected in human T cells. All cells expressed the IL-4Rp140 beta chain. These data provide a direct support for our model of IL-13R which consists of three different forms composed of different subunits.

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