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Exp Eye Res. 1997 Sep;65(3):391-6.

Effect of transforming growth factor-beta1 and -beta2 on in vitro rabbit corneal epithelial cell proliferation promoted by epidermal growth factor, keratinocyte growth factor, or hepatocyte growth factor.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kawaramachi Hirokoji, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, 602, Japan.


Corneal epithelial wound healing is intimately controlled by a variety of growth factors, such as epidermal growth factor (EGF), keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and transforming growth factor-betas (TGF-betas). In this study, we investigate the effects of TGF-beta1 and TGF-beta2 on cultured rabbit corneal epithelial cell proliferation promoted by EGF, KGF, or HGF. Both TGF-beta1 and -beta2 dose-dependently inhibited corneal epithelial cell proliferation promoted by KGF (40 ng ml-1) and HGF (40 ng ml-1), and weakly inhibited cell proliferation promoted by EGF (4 ng ml-1). Furthermore, the inhibitory effect tended to be stronger with TGF-beta2 than TGF-beta1. These findings suggest that TGF-beta1 and -beta2 play important roles as negative modulators against the cell proliferation effect of EGF, KGF and HGF.

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