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Antiviral Res. 1997 Aug;35(3):147-56.

Bicyclams, a class of potent anti-HIV agents, are targeted at the HIV coreceptor fusin/CXCR-4.

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1
Rega Institute for Medical Research, Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

Bicyclams are a novel class of antiviral compounds which are highly potent and selective inhibitors of the replication of HIV-1 and HIV-2. The prototype compound, AMD3100, has an IC50 of 1-10 ng/ml, which is a least 100,000 fold lower than the cytotoxic concentration. AMD3100 does not inhibit virus binding to the CD4 receptor and based on time-of-addition experiments, has been assumed to interact with the HIV fusion-uncoating process. Resistance of HIV-1 strains to AMD3100 is associated with the accumulation of several mutations in the viral envelope glycoprotein gp120. Here, we demonstrate that AMD3100 interacts with fusin (CXCR-4), the coreceptor used by T-tropic viruses to infect the target cells. The replication of NL4-3 wild type virus and NL4-3 dextran sulfate-resistant virus was inhibited by the CXC-chemokine, stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1), the natural ligand for CXCR-4. In contrast, the replication of the HIV-1 NL4-3 AMD3100-resistant virus was no longer inhibited by SDF-1. The bicyclams are the first low-molecular-weight anti-HIV agents shown to interact with the coreceptor for T-tropic viruses.

PMID:
9298754
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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