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Inflamm Res. 1997 Aug;46(8):320-3.

Cyclooxygenase inhibitors enhance the production of tissue inhibitor-1 of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1) and pro-matrix metalloproteinase 1 (proMMP-1) in human rheumatoid synovial fibroblasts.

Author information

1
Division of Rheumatology, St. Marianna University, School of Medicine, Kanagawa, Japan.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN:

We investigated the influence of cyclooxygenase inhibitors against the production of tissue inhibitor-1 of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1) and pro-matrix metalloproteinase 1 (proMMP-1) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synoviocytes.

MATERIAL:

Synovial fibroblasts from RA patients were used.

TREATMENT:

The cells were treated with recombinant human interleukin 1 beta (rhIL-1 beta) (100 ng/ml) and/or indomethacin (0.1, 1, 10 microM) and diclofenac (0.1, 1, 10 microM) and/or prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) (1, 10 microM) for 72 h.

METHODS:

The amounts of TIMP-1, proMMP-1 and PGE2 was measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Statistical significance was tested with Student's t-test and Dunnett test.

RESULTS:

RhIL-1 beta augments the production of TIMP-1 and proMMP-1 in synovial fibroblasts from RA patients, and this IL-1-induced production of TIMP-1 and proMMP-1 was further enhanced by treatment with the cyclooxygenase inhibitors, indomethacin and diclofenac. Exogenous PGE2 significantly suppresses indomethacin- and diclofenacenhanced TIMP-1 and proMMP-1 production.

CONCLUSION:

PGE2 down-regulates the production of TIMP-1 and proMMP-1 in RA synoviocytes, and cyclooxygenase inhibitors regulate the production of TIMP-1 and proMMP-1 through the inhibition of PGE2 production in inflammation.

PMID:
9297577
DOI:
10.1007/s000110050194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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