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J Biol Chem. 1997 Sep 19;272(38):23859-64.

The cDNA cloning and characterization of inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase type II. Evidence for conserved alternative splicing in the 4-phosphatase family.

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Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA.


Inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase (4-phosphatase) is a Mg2+-independent enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of the 4-position phosphate of phosphatidylinositol 3,4-bisphosphate, inositol 1,3,4-trisphosphate, and inositol 3,4-bisphosphate. We have isolated cDNA encoding a 105,257-Da protein that is 37% identical to the previously cloned 4-phosphatase. Recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli and shown to hydrolyze all three 4-phosphatase substrates with enzymatic properties similar to the original enzyme. We designate the original 4-phosphatase and the new isozyme as inositol polyphosphate 4-phosphatase types I and II, respectively. 4-Phosphatase II is highly conserved with the human and rat enzymes having 90% amino acid identity. A conserved motif between 4-phosphatase I and II is the sequence CKSAKDRT that contains the Cys-Xaa5-Arg active site consensus sequence identified for other Mg2+-independent phosphatases. Northern blot analysis indicated that 4-phosphatase II is widely expressed with the highest levels occurring in the skeletal muscle and heart. In addition, cDNA encoding alternatively spliced forms of human 4-phosphatase I (107, 309 Da) and rat 4-phosphatase II (106,497 Da) were also isolated that encode proteins with a putative transmembrane domain near their C termini. These alternatively spliced forms were expressed as recombinant proteins in E. coli and SF9 insect cells and found to possess no detectable enzymatic activity suggesting that additional factors and/or processing may be required for these alternatively spliced isozymes.

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