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J Am Soc Nephrol. 1997 Sep;8(9):1357-62.

Urinary excretion of aquaporin-2 water channel protein in human and rat.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Japan.


Previous studies by the authors demonstrated that the response of urinary aquaporin-2 (AQP2) excretion to dDAVP (deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin) infusion is an index of vasopressin action on the kidney (N Engl J Med 332: 1540-1545, 1995). In the study presented here, the characteristics of urinary excretion of AQP2 were examined further. An RIA suitable for AQP2 in the urine was established. Relatively high concentrations of detergent and bovine serum albumin in the RIA buffer allowed analysis of urine samples with a wide range of concentrations and increased the sensitivity of the assay. AQP2 in the urine existed as a high molecular weight form of approximately 190 kD by HPLC analysis. The mean urinary AQP2 concentration corrected for creatinine in spot urine samples of healthy subjects who voided in the morning was 1081 +/- 699 fmol/mg creatinine (mean +/- SD, n = 208). The amount of daily excretion of AQP2 in the urine was the same in men and women. Urinary AQP2 content was not affected by age of the subjects and showed a positive correlation with urine osmolality. Finally, the fraction of AQP2 excreted in the urine compared with whole kidney content was determined in the rat. Approximately 3% of AQP2 in the kidney was excreted daily, and this fraction did not change when rats were dehydrated for 3 d. These data demonstrate the necessity of establishing well-designed protocols to use urinary AQP2 as a marker of AVP action.

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