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J Dent Res. 1997 Sep;76(9):1555-60.

Expression of TGF-beta superfamily receptors in dental pulp.

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Laboratory of Molecular Gene Technics, Graduate School of Genetic Resources Technology, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily members and their cell-surface receptors may play inductive and/or regulatory roles in tooth development and repair. It will be important to identify the complete set of TGF-beta superfamily receptors, to examine their temporal and spatial localization during tooth development, and to elucidate the cascade of molecular events of tooth formation induced by the TGF-beta superfamily. In this report, we have cloned the cDNAs encoding potential receptors for TGF-beta superfamily members in rat incisor pulp and bovine adult pulp which are regarded as embryonic and adult pulp, respectively. We analyzed poly (A)+ RNA from rat incisor pulp and bovine adult pulp by reverse-transcriptase/polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR), using a degenerate primers corresponding to the most conserved amino acid sequences in the intracellular serine/threonine kinase of type I or type II like kinase-1 (ALK-1), ALK-2, ALK-3 (bone morphogenetic protein receptor type IA, BMPR-IA), ALK-4 (B1), ALK-5, ALK-6 (BMPR-IB), and BMPR-II (BMP type II receptor) was found to be in dental pulp. Northern blot analysis further detected TGF-beta type II receptor (T beta R-II) mRNA transcript in addition to the above-identified receptors. These results provide the first evidence of multiple type I and type II receptors for TGF-beta s, activins, and BMPs expressed in embryonic and adult pulp, implicating diverse function in tooth development and pulp tissue repair.

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