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Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1997 Sep;112(3):292-9.

Timing for effective application of anteriorly directed orthopedic force to the maxilla.

Author information

1
Department of Orthodontics, University of Tennessee College of Dentistry, Memphis, USA.

Abstract

Class III malocclusion with retrusive maxilla can be orthopedically corrected in the deciduous and mixed dentition, with reverse-pull headgear in combination with rapid palatal expansion. The literature recommends this procedure be carried out before the patient is 8 years old to obtain the optimal orthopedic result. This statement, however, has not been supported by scientific data. The current study examined the treatment effects of patients younger than 8 years old (5 to 8 years) and patients older than 8 years old (9 to 12 years). Thirty patients treated with maxillary protraction and expansion in the Department of Children's Dentistry and Orthodontics, University of Hong Kong were included in this study. Cephalometric radiographs were taken 6 months before the initiation of treatment (T(0)), at the initiation of treatment (T1), and after 6 months of treatment (T2). In this way, (T(2)-T1) represented cephalometric changes during the treatment period and (T1-T0) represented 6 months of growth changes without treatment. Experimental subjects served as their own control in this study. A grid system consisting of maxillary occlusal plane (OL) and a line perpendicular to OL through sella (OLp) was used for linear measurements. A total of 15 linear and 3 angular cephalometric measurements were made. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), which used age and treatment time as its factors, was used to determine effect of age and/or treatment on each cephalometric parameter. Results indicated strikingly similar therapeutic response between the younger and older age groups. These data suggest that similar skeletal response can be obtained when maxillary protraction was started either before age 8 (5 to 8 years) or after age 8 years (8 to 12 years).

PMID:
9294359
DOI:
10.1016/S0889-5406(97)70259-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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