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Am J Cardiol. 1997 Aug 4;80(3A):65A-76A.

Regulation of glucose transport, and glucose transporters expression and trafficking in the heart: studies in cardiac myocytes.

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  • 1Departament de Bioquímica i Biologia Molecular, Facultat de Biologia, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

Cardiac muscle is characterized by a high rate of glucose consumption. In the absence of insulin, glucose transport into cardiomyocytes limits the rate of glucose utilization and therefore it is important to understand the regulation of glucose transporters. Cardiac muscle cells express 2 distinct glucose transporters, GLUT4 and GLUT1; although GLUT4 is quantitatively the more important glucose transporter expressed in heart, GLUT1 is also expressed at a substantial level. In isolated rat cardiomyocytes, insulin acutely stimulates glucose transport and translocates both GLUT4 and GLUT1 from an intracellular site to the cell surface. Recent evidence indicates the existence of at least 2 distinct intracellular membrane populations enriched in GLUT4 with a different protein composition. Elucidation of the intracellular location of these 2 GLUT4 vesicle pools in cardiac myocytes, their role in GLUT4 trafficking, and their relation to insulin-induced GLUT4 translocation needs to be addressed.

PMID:
9293957
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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