Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Appl Environ Microbiol. 1997 Sep;63(9):3341-4.

Effects of overproduction of the catalytic domain of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase on squalene synthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

Author information

1
Department of Cellular Physiology, Babraham Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom. allen.donald@bbsrc.ac.uk

Abstract

The enzyme 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (HMG-R) is the major rate-limiting enzyme of the mevalonate pathway in many organisms, including yeasts. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, there are two isoenzymes of HMG-R (Hmg1p and Hmg2p). Both consist of an anchoring transmembrane domain and a catalytic domain. We have removed the known controlling features of HMG-R by overproducing the catalytic domain of Hmg1p. This overproduction leads to an enhancement of squalene production, implying that HMG-R has been deregulated. The enhancement is apparent under semianaerobic and aerobic conditions. Despite the increase in squalene production, the amount of ergosterol produced by the HMG-R-overproducing yeast was not increased. This result suggests the presence of another regulatory step between squalene and ergosterol formation. Squalene levels generated by cells overproducing the catalytic domain of HMG-R were estimated to be up to 10 times those produced by wild-type cells. The enhancement in squalene production coincided with a reduction in growth rate. This reduction may be a direct consequence of the buildup of high concentrations of squalene and presqualene intermediates of the pathway.

PMID:
9292983
PMCID:
PMC168639
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center