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Ann Ital Chir. 1997 Mar-Apr;68(2):245-51.

[Plasma-cell granuloma of the sigmoid colon concomitant with adenocarcinoma of the cecum. Viewpoint for debate, literature review on pseudotumors, idiopathic colitis and cancer].

[Article in Italian]

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  • 1Universit√† degli Studi di Milano, Cattedra di Chirurgia Generale.


A case of colonic pseudotumor, causing intestinal occlusion, concomitant with a caecum neoplasia is reported. A male 69 years old was referred to our Institution for colic abdominal pain: colonoscopy aborted because of an insuperable sigma stenosis; diagnostic enema confirmed the sigmoid stenosis, originally advised as neoplastic. As operation, the sigmoid tumor appeared accompanied with enlarged draining lymph nodes and peritoneal sac was disseminated of miliary-like whity granules. Hystological examination showed a plasma-cell granuloma with nodular and peritoneal chronic inflammatory reaction. A pancolonoscopy, performed fourty days later, discovered an unsuspected adenocarcinoma neoplasia of the caecum, that was resected with a second operation. Regional nodes were not involved. The authors make a review of international literature about of plasma-cell granuloma, pseudotumor and inflammatory chronic bowel diseases in order to identify possible correlations between pseudotumor and neoplasms. The extremely low incidence of plasma-cell granulomas in the alimentary tract (17 case since 1970 to 1994) and the reported association with concomitant neoplasms (29%) suggest to consider extremely useful an accurate study of patients with intestinal pseudotumors in order to identify neoplasms of the gastrointestinal tract as well as of other organs.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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