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Eur J Biochem. 1997 Aug 1;247(3):815-9.

Structural studies of the O-antigenic polysaccharide of the lipopolysaccharide from Acinetobacter (DNA group 11) strain 94 containing 3-amino-3,6-dideoxy-D-galactose substituted by the previously unknown amide-linked L-2-acetoxypropionic acid or L-2-hydroxypropionic acid.

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1
Division of Medical and Biochemical Microbiology, Research Centre Borstel, Centre for Medicine and Biosciences, Germany.

Abstract

A polysaccharide containing D-Gal, D-GalNAc, 3-(L-2-acetoxypropionamido)-3,6-dideoxy-D-galactose (approximately 80%) and 3-(L-2-hydroxypropionamido)-3,6-dideoxy-D-galactose (approximately 20%) was isolated by mild acid hydrolysis, followed by gel-permeation chromatography, from the phenol-soluble lipopolysaccharide (phenol/water extracted) derived from Acinetobacter strain 94. The polysaccharide, characterised by means of monosaccharide analyses, partial acid hydrolysis, and NMR studies, consisted of a branched tetrasaccharide repeating unit, as depicted below, in which Fucp3Nacyl represents 3-(L-2-hydroxypropionamido)-3,6-dideoxy-D-galactose, in which approximately 80% of the acyl residues are O-acetylated. These Fucp3N derivatives and an O-acetylated acyl group are therefore constituents of bacterial LPS, but to our knowledge are not present in any other natural carbohydrates. [sturcture: see text].

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