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J Med Chem. 1997 Aug 29;40(18):2948-52.

Synthesis and pharmacological activity of deltorphin and dermorphin-related glycopeptides.

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Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Ferrara, Italy.


The solid phase procedure, based on the Fmoc chemistry, was used to prepare some opioid deltorphin (H-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Asp-Val-Val-Gly-NH2, DEL C) and dermorphin (H-Tyr-D-Ala-Phe-Gly-Tyr-Pro-Ser-NH2, DER) analogues in which a D-glucopyranosyl moiety is beta-O-glycosidically linked to a Thr4 or Thr7 side chain. Their activities were determined in binding studies based on displacement of mu- and delta-receptor selective radiolabels from rat brain membrane synaptosomes, in guinea pig ileum and rabbit jejenum bioassays, and, in vivo, by a mouse tail-flick test after intracerebroventricular (icv) and subcutaneous (sc) administrations. The glyco analogues modified at position 4 displayed low opioid properties, while Thr7-glycosylated peptides retained high delta- or mu-selectivity and remarkable activity in vivo. In particular, as systemic antinociceptive agents, the latter glucoside-bearing compounds were more potent than the parent unglycosylated peptide counterparts, showing a high blood to brain rate of influx which may be due to the glucose transporter GLUT-1.

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