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Surgery. 1997 Aug;122(2):146-52.

Anti-interleukin-10 antibody restores burn-induced defects in T-cell function.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Harvard Medical School/Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Mass 02115, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studies have shown that susceptibility to sepsis after severe injury correlated with reduced production of T-helper 1 (Th1) cytokines (interleukin-2 [IL-2] and interferon-gamma [IFN-gamma]) and a persistence of T-helper 2 (Th2) cytokines (IL-4 and IL-10). The mechanisms responsible for this effect are not clear. We used a T-dependent antigen to study both the effect of burn injury on antigen-specific Th functions in vivo and the effect of anti-IL-10 antibody on these functions.

METHODS:

Male A/J mice were anesthetized and given a 25% scald burn or a sham burn. On day 0 all mice were immunized with 100 micrograms trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNP) haptenated ovalbumin (TNP-OVA) in complete Freund's adjuvant. Mice (10 per group) were given 250 micrograms monoclonal rat antimurine IL-10 antibody (anti-IL-10 MAB) or control rat immunoglobin G (IgG) on day 0 and 100 micrograms anti-IL-10 MAB or IgG on day 2. On day 10 the mice were killed to obtain serum and spleen cells. TNP-specific serum antibody isotype titers were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Splenocyte proliferation and cytokine-production in response to TNP-OVA or to anti-CD3 MAB were determined by tritiated thymidine incorporation and by ELISA, respectively.

RESULTS:

Burn injury resulted in depressed levels of the TNP-specific IgG2a antibody isotype (Th1 dependent), whereas TNP-specific IgG1 and IgE (Th2 dependent) levels were not decreased in burn versus sham burn mice. Anti-IL-10 MAB but not IgG restored the IgG2a response. Burn injury also resulted in reduced TNP-OVA-specific proliferation of splenocytes, whereas anti-CD3 proliferation was equivalent in burn and sham mice. TNP-OVA-specific IL-2 and IFN-gamma production were significantly reduced by burn injury. Anti-IL-10 MAB restored TNP-OVA-specific proliferation and antigen-specific IL-2 and interferon-gamma production by splenocytes from burn mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Burn injury induces the loss of antigen-specific Th1 cell function, and IL-10 acts as a trigger to down-regulate Th1 activity after injury.

PMID:
9288117
DOI:
10.1016/s0039-6060(97)90003-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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