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J Biol Chem. 1997 Sep 12;272(37):23323-7.

The amino terminus of insulin-responsive aminopeptidase causes Glut4 translocation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.

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1
Metabolex, Inc., Hayward, California 94545, USA.

Abstract

The insulin-responsive aminopeptidase (IRAP) is a constituent of the vesicles that contain the insulin-regulated glucose transporter (Glut4). Like Glut4, IRAP translocates to the cell surface in response to insulin. Microinjection into 3T3-L1 adipocytes of a glutathione S-transferase (GST) fusion protein containing the cytosolic portion of IRAP (GST-IRAP-(1-109)), resulted in translocation of Glut4 to the cell surface. Immunostaining of 3T3-L1 adipocytes for Glut4 showed that the percentage of cells with substantial cell surface Glut4 was 10% in unstimulated cells, 8% following injection of GST, and 27% following injection of GST-IRAP-(1-109). Increased cell surface Glut4 occurred within 5-10 min following injection and was maintained for at least 4 h. A fusion protein containing only 28 amino acids from IRAP (GST-IRAP-(55-82)) was as effective in increasing cell surface Glut4 as stimulation with 100 nM insulin (44% versus 43%, respectively). In contrast to insulin-stimulated Glut4 translocation, the redistribution of Glut4 following injection of GST-IRAP-(55-82) was not blocked by wortmannin or co-injection with a SH2 domain from the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. These data suggest that the amino terminus of IRAP interacts with a retention/sorting protein that also regulates the distribution of Glut4 in insulin-responsive cells.

PMID:
9287343
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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